# naoh ba(hco3)2

To balance the equation NaOH + Ba(HCO3)2 = BaCO3 + Na2CO3 + H2O using the algebraic method step-by-step, you must have experience solving systems of linear equations. The most common methods are substitution/elimination and linear algebra, but any similar method will work.

### Step 1: Label Each Compound With a Variable

Label each compound (reactant or product) in the equation with a variable to tát represent the unknown coefficients.

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a NaOH + b Ba(HCO3)2 = c BaCO3 + d Na2CO3 + f H2O

### Step 2: Create a System of Equations

Create an equation for each element (Na, O, H, Ba, C) where each term represents the number of atoms of the element in each reactant or product.

```Na:	1a	+	0b	=	0c	+	2d	+	0f
O:	1a	+	6b	=	3c	+	3d	+	1f
H:	1a	+	2b	=	0c	+	0d	+	2f
Ba:	0a	+	1b	=	1c	+	0d	+	0f
C:	0a	+	2b	=	1c	+	1d	+	0f

```

### Step 3: Solve For All Variables

Use substitution, Gaussian elimination, or a calculator to tát solve for each variable.

• 1a - 2d = 0
• 1a + 6b - 3c - 3d - 1f = 0
• 1a + 2b - 2f = 0
• 1b - 1c = 0
• 2b - 1c - 1d = 0

Use your graphing calculator's rref() function (or an online rref calculator) to tát convert the following matrix into reduced row-echelon-form:

```[ 1	 0	 0	-2	 0	0]
[ 1	 6	-3	-3	-1	0]
[ 1	 2	 0	 0	-2	0]
[ 0	 1	-1	 0	 0	0]
[ 0	 2	-1	-1	 0	0]
```

The resulting matrix can be used to tát determine the coefficients. In the case of a single solution, the last column of the matrix will contain the coefficients.

Simplify the result to tát get the lowest, whole integer values.

• a = 2 (NaOH)
• b = 1 (Ba(HCO3)2)
• c = 1 (BaCO3)
• d = 1 (Na2CO3)
• f = 2 (H2O)

### Step 4: Substitute Coefficients and Verify Result

Count the number of atoms of each element on each side of the equation and verify that all elements and electrons (if there are charges/ions) are balanced.

2 NaOH + Ba(HCO3)2 = BaCO3 + Na2CO3 + 2 H2O

Reactants Products Na 2 2 ✔️ 8 8 ✔️ 4 4 ✔️ 1 1 ✔️ 2 2 ✔️

Since there is an equal number of each element in the reactants and products of 2NaOH + Ba(HCO3)2 = BaCO3 + Na2CO3 + 2H2O, the equation is balanced.