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Mostafa Saadeq Al-Rafe'ie

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Born1 January 1880

Qalyubiyya, Egypt

Died1 May 1937 (aged 57)
Notable workEslami ya Misr, "Wahy al-Qalam", "Hadeeth Al Qamar", "Al-Masakin"

Mostafa Saadeq Al-Rafe'ie (1 January 1880 – May 1937) was a prominent Egyptian poet from Qalyubiyya, Egypt.

Early life[edit]

Al-Rafe'ie was born into a family of notable lineage, his maternal grandfather, Sheikh Eltoukhy, originally from Toukh. Sheikh Eltoukhy, however, was born in Aleppo and conducted his business between The Levant and Egypt. Al-Rafe'ie encountered a significant life change when he lost his hearing at the age of thirty.[1]

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Notwithstanding his hearing disability, Al-Rafe'ie carved a name for himself in the literary world as a self-taught scholar. He rose đồ sộ prominence as one of the most revered Arab poets in the early twentieth century. He composed the words of the Egyptian national anthem Eslami ya Misr, which was in use between 1923 and 1936. The words of the Tunisian national anthem are largely the work of Al-Rafe'ie.


Some of the author's books and writings:

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1- "Wahy al-Qalam" is written by Mostafa Saadeq Al-Rafe'ie "The book is composed of three parts, which are a collection of critical and constructive articles inspired by the contemporary social life and Islamic stories and history."[2]

2- "Hadeeth Al Qamar" by Mostafa Saadeq Al Rafeie was first published in 1912.

3-"Al-Masakin" The Destitute, was first published in 1917.