# agcl + hno3

To balance the equation HNO3 + AgCl = AgNO3 + HCl using the algebraic method step-by-step, you must have experience solving systems of linear equations. The most common methods are substitution/elimination and linear algebra, but any similar method will work.

### Step 1: Label Each Compound With a Variable

Label each compound (reactant or product) in the equation with a variable lớn represent the unknown coefficients.

Bạn đang xem: agcl + hno3

a HNO3 + b AgCl = c AgNO3 + d HCl

### Step 2: Create a System of Equations

Create an equation for each element (H, N, O, Ag, Cl) where each term represents the number of atoms of the element in each reactant or product.

```H:	1a	+	0b	=	0c	+	1d
N:	1a	+	0b	=	1c	+	0d
O:	3a	+	0b	=	3c	+	0d
Ag:	0a	+	1b	=	1c	+	0d
Cl:	0a	+	1b	=	0c	+	1d

```

### Step 3: Solve For All Variables

Use substitution, Gaussian elimination, or a calculator lớn solve for each variable.

• 1a - 1d = 0
• 1a - 1c = 0
• 3a - 3c = 0
• 1b - 1c = 0
• 1b - 1d = 0

Use your graphing calculator's rref() function (or an online rref calculator) lớn convert the following matrix into reduced row-echelon-form:

Xem thêm: bệnh đa u tủy xương kiêng ăn gì

```[ 1	 0	 0	-1	0]
[ 1	 0	-1	 0	0]
[ 3	 0	-3	 0	0]
[ 0	 1	-1	 0	0]
[ 0	 1	 0	-1	0]
```

The resulting matrix can be used lớn determine the coefficients. In the case of a single solution, the last column of the matrix will contain the coefficients.

Simplify the result lớn get the lowest, whole integer values.

Xem thêm: thai 20 tuan nang bao nhieu gram

• a = 1 (HNO3)
• b = 1 (AgCl)
• c = 1 (AgNO3)
• d = 1 (HCl)

### Step 4: Substitute Coefficients and Verify Result

Count the number of atoms of each element on each side of the equation and verify that all elements and electrons (if there are charges/ions) are balanced.

HNO3 + AgCl = AgNO3 + HCl

Reactants Products H 1 1 ✔️ 1 1 ✔️ 3 3 ✔️ 1 1 ✔️ 1 1 ✔️

Since there is an equal number of each element in the reactants and products of HNO3 + AgCl = AgNO3 + HCl, the equation is balanced.